PREGNANCY TEST What you should know

Am I pregnant or not? Can I do the pregnancy test at home or should I rather go to the doctor? We eliminate all uncertainties!
What are the first signs of pregnancy?
Missing your period is the best-known - but not the only - sign of pregnancy. We tell you the most common symptoms of pregnancy:

Missing your period
Implantation bleeding
Nausea
Cravings
Pulling in the breasts
Fatigue
Increased sense of smell
Frequent urination
Light bleeding
High basal body temperature
When can I take a pregnancy test?
The classic urine pregnancy test provides a reliable result approximately 14 days after fertilization of the egg, i.e. around the time when the period is actually due. It is recommended to perform the pregnancy test only after the period has stopped, otherwise, the error rate of this test is quite high.

When do you start having pregnancy symptoms?
Some women notice how the egg implants in the uterus already a few days after fertilization. At implantation (4-5 days after fertilization), there may be so-called implantation bleeding: When the egg implants, blood vessels of the uterine lining may be injured - the next sign of pregnancy. About a week after fertilization, the body produces the pregnancy hormone hCG. It ensures that another hormone is released: Progesterone. This hormone is the reason for frequent fatigue at the beginning of pregnancy. Progesterone is also responsible for the absence of menstruation. Particularly between the 6th and 12th week of pregnancy, women are often plagued by nausea. 

How does an SST (pregnancy test) work?
When a woman is pregnant, her body produces the pregnancy hormone beta-hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) - a hormone that only pregnant women produce and which, among other things, ensures that our periods do not occur by preventing the lining of the uterus from being shed. Pregnancy tests measure the concentration of this hormone.

When is the pregnancy test reliable?
At what point the pregnancy test is reliable depends on the type of test: a distinction is made between blood and urine tests.

Blood test: The pregnancy test for all who want to know quickly and reliably.
When is it safe? This test can only be performed by a gynecologist and not at home: The hCG value can be detected here as early as six to nine days after fertilization and even before the absence of menstruation. The gynecologist can tell you the result about 24 hours after the test.
Early urine test: The quick pregnancy test for home use
When is it safe? These pregnancy tests are available in drugstores or pharmacies and can be performed at home. In this case, the hCG value is measured via the urine - and according to the manufacturer, up to four days before the bleeding is due. However, due to the high error rate, this SST should only be used after the period has stopped. 
Urine test: The classic
When is it safe? Eight out of ten women find out about their pregnancy in this way: the home pregnancy test, available in every drugstore or pharmacy since the end of the 1960s. It delivers a reliable result 14 days after fertilization - and can therefore be used shortly after the menstrual period has stopped.
What do I have to consider when doing a pregnancy test at home?
Anyone taking a pregnancy test at home should always (!) read the package insert. As a rule, the test strip of the pregnancy test is held for a few seconds in the urine stream or a glass filled with urine.

Next to the control window, there is usually another window that changes color accordingly or shows the respective strokes, the meaning of which can be found in the instructions. For a urine test, you should always use the morning urine, in which hCG concentration is usually the highest.


 

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