Muscle hardening: causes and treatments


What is muscle hardening, how does it occur and what helps against it? We tell you how you can quickly get rid of the unpleasant discomfort!
What is a muscle hardening?
Sometimes you've just been sitting in the office too long or exercising too intensively - and you've already got muscle hardening (myogenesis), which can trigger unpleasant pain. It is caused by overly tense muscles. Muscle hardening can often be felt as a bulge or small lump, and the affected area is also sensitive to pressure.

Possible cause of muscle hardening
If the muscles are very tense, there are several possible causes. Triggers are:

overuse of the muscles, which often affects athletes
Incorrect posture, e.g. if you always carry your bag on one side
Stress
Inflammation of the muscle (rather rare)

What happens in the muscle?
If muscles are overstrained, the vessels become constricted. As a result, the muscles are no longer supplied with sufficient blood and oxygen. This lack of blood supply in turn causes metabolic disorders in the muscle cell. The muscle swells, the tension of the so-called muscle fibers increases - and the muscle harden.

Neck, back pain, and co.: What are the symptoms of myogenesis?
Initially, the person affected by myoglobin notices a certain tension in the affected part of the body. Often affected are the neck, shoulders, back, hips or legs, depending on the trigger. Later, pressure sensitivity is also one of the symptoms. Also, a strain on the corresponding muscles usually causes discomfort, for example, back pain (you can find more typical causes of back pain here!).

Therapy: What treatment helps with muscle hardening?
The goal of therapy is to relieve the pain of the muscles and restore mobility. Although a hardening doesn't sound dramatic to many at first - frequent and untreated strains increase the risk of a muscle fiber tear or strain.  

If inflammation is the cause of the complaints, this is usually treated with medication. Otherwise, various measures are used in the therapy of hardening. These include:

Heat, e.g. using heat patches or baths
Massage
Stretching
Electrical stimulation
Physiotherapy
If these methods do not relax the muscles within a week, a doctor should be consulted. Tip: You can find out how to prevent sore muscles here.


 

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